Acute Retinal Necrosis Syndrome: Case Report and Literature Review

Main Article Content

M. Essakhi
B. Jatik
I. Er-rachiq
A. Mchachi
L. Benhmidoune
A. Chakib
R. Rachid
M. Elbelhadji

Abstract

Acute retinal necrosis (ARN syndrome) is a rare syndrome; the germs involved belong to the herpes virus family. Complications include cystoid macular edema and retinal detachment, which is a frequent complication with a poor prognosis. We report the case of an immunocompetent patient with unilateral acute retinal necrosis due to VZV. The drop in visual acuity was brutal. Intravenous antiviral and anti-inflammatory therapy was initiated on an emergency basis, followed by oral maintenance therapy. The patient was complicated during this treatment by cystoid macular edema treated with retrobulbar steroids injections.  The Knowledge of this condition, which diagnosis is essentially clinical, is necessary in order to avoid the extension of retinal necrosis and to prevent the reccurrence of complications.

Keywords:
Acute retinal necrosis, herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster virus, macular edema.

Article Details

How to Cite
Essakhi, M., Jatik, B., Er-rachiq, I., Mchachi, A., Benhmidoune, L., Chakib, A., Rachid, R., & Elbelhadji, M. (2020). Acute Retinal Necrosis Syndrome: Case Report and Literature Review. Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Ophthalmology, 3(1), 10-15. Retrieved from http://journalajrrop.com/index.php/AJRROP/article/view/30101
Section
Case Study

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