Ocular Involvement in Graves' Disease in Children: A Case Report

Rkia Azahrai *

Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital Center Mohammed VIth, Oujda, Morocco.

Manar Achargui

Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital Center Mohammed VIth, Oujda, Morocco.

Fatimazahra Mabrouki

Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital Center Mohammed VIth, Oujda, Morocco.

Siham Chariba

Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital Center Mohammed VIth, Oujda, Morocco.

Asmaae Maadane

Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital Center Mohammed VIth, Oujda, Morocco.

Rachid Sekhsoukh

Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital Center Mohammed VIth, Oujda, Morocco.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Graves’  disease in children is considered rare, these children can present ocular attacks related to this pathology .We report the case of a girl presenting an exophthalmia complicated by corneal attack in the framework of a graves' disease.

Our 6-year-old patient was admitted to the emergency room with bilateral exophthalmos associated with fluid diarrhea and palpitations.

The ophthalmological examination revealed: bilateral exophthalmos more accentuated on the left side with palpebral retraction and a heart rate of 160 beats per minute.

The diagnosis of Graves' disease was confirmed by thyroid receptor antibodies. The patient was put on: 40 mg of propanolol and 15 mg of carbimazole per day, with good clinical evolution, later the patient reconsulted for painful red eye with visual acuity decrease in left eye. The examination showed the presence of epithelial erosions with a rupture time lower than 5 seconds. The evolution was marked by a clinical improvement under lubricants and vitamin A.

Graves' orbitopathy reacts differently between adults and children on the one hand, and between different ethnic groups on the other hand.

It is more benign in children in the form of palpebral damage in most cases, unlike other manifestations such as nerve dysfunction and restrictive strabismus.

We insist on the interest of lubricating treatment during palpebral retractions and lagophthalmos A find to avoid exposure keratitis.

Keywords: Graves’ disease, pediatrics, exophthalmos, palpebral retraction, exposure keratitis


How to Cite

Azahrai , R., Achargui , M., Mabrouki , F., Chariba , S., Maadane , A., & Sekhsoukh , R. (2023). Ocular Involvement in Graves’ Disease in Children: A Case Report. Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Ophthalmology, 6(1), 64–68. Retrieved from https://journalajrrop.com/index.php/AJRROP/article/view/80

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