Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Ophthalmology <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Ophthalmology</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers (<a href="/index.php/AJRROP/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all aspects of&nbsp;‘Ophthalmology’. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US (Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Ophthalmology) (Asian Journal of Research and Reports in Ophthalmology) Mon, 04 Jul 2022 12:04:36 +0000 OJS 60 Indirect Ophthalmoscopy: An Abandoned Workmanship <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> We sought to evaluate the application of indirect ophthalmoscopy in the routine practice of retinal surgeons.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A self-administered questionnaire was circulated among various ophthalmologists. Potential participants were vitreoretinal surgeons and those ophthalmologists&nbsp; who work in a vitreo retinal department in Asia, The United Kingdom and USA. The respondents were asked to mark either “YES” or “NO” for the given questions through google survey form.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Responses were obtained from 68 ophthalmologists in total out of which 57(83.82%) were retinal surgeons and 11(16.18%) were not. 66 (97.06%) admitted using an indirect ophthalmoscope in their routine practice whereas, only 2 (2.94%) were not using it routinely. 43(63.24%) considered it to be an essential tool for examining retinal patients and 25(36.76%) do not consider it a compulsory part of the retinal examination.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Unfortunately, the majority of ophthalmologists seem to be naive to the imperative requirement of indirect ophthalmoscopy in order to examine vitreo retinal patients, notwithstanding the certitude that this skill has been considered mandatory in routine clinical practice of ophthalmologists.</p> Hussain Ahmed Khaqan, Sabah Eric, Ateeq ur Rehman, Hasnain Muhammad Buksh, Muhammad Ali Haider, Aamna Jabran ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 04 Jul 2022 12:05:05 +0000 Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Fundus Fluorescein Angiography in Myopic Choroidal Neovascularization <p><strong>Background:</strong> High myopia refers to an axial length of the eye greater than 26 mm or by having a refractive error of more than - six diopters. The most frequent cause of Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in patients less than 50 years old is pathologic myopia<strong>. </strong>CNV is a serious lesion of the retina and choroid leading to vision loss or blindness due to subretinal or intraretinal fluid, hemorrhage, and lastly scar<strong>. </strong></p> <p>Fundus biomicroscopy, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), and optical coherence tomography (OCT) are the most common methods used to diagnose myopic CNV. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) shows both the retinal and choroidal vasculature, so it is used to diagnose choroidal neovascular membrane.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> Study the role of OCTA in the diagnosis of choroidal neovascularization in myopia and compare it with the findings of fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA).</p> <p><strong>Patient and Methods: </strong>our study included twenty eyes of twenty patients who had active myopic CNV in the Ophthalmology Department, Tanta University.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>:</strong> Spherical Equivalent ranged from - 6.5 to - 16.0 diopters. The vessel density (VD) had a statistical significance higher in OCTA, compared to FFA (p &lt; 0.001)<strong>.</strong> The CNV area was significantly less in OCTA, compared to FFA (P = 0.012). There was Statistical significance between BCVA as regard CNV site on FFA (P =0.002). The BCVA is less in subfoveal CNV than in juxtafoveal CNV.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>OCTA is a new imaging technique, non-invasive and safe with rapid image acquisition. The recent gold standard for the assessment of myopic CNV is FFA, where the existence of CNV is detected by dye leakage; although, FFA is invasive and may be accompanied by nausea, urticaria, and very rarely anaphylaxis.</p> <p>For the diagnosis and follow-up of myopic CNV, OCTA is still frequently used in combination with FFA.</p> Eman El Sayed Hassanin, Sharif Yousef El Emam, Yasser Ragab Serag, Mohamed Hosny El-Bradey ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Prevalence and Causes of Ocular Morbidities among School Children in Enugu-East Local Government Area, Enugu State, Nigeria <p>Good vision is very important for people of all ages, especially children. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and causes of ocular morbidities among public high school students in Enugu-East Local Government Area (L.G.A) of Enugu State. The method used was a cross-sectional descriptive study and for this 950 students were selected using the multistage sampling technique, a structured questionnaire administered by an interviewer was used to obtain sociodemographic data, the medical history of the students and document the findings of the study. eye exam. Their visual acuity, anterior and posterior segments of the eyeball were examined, as well as evaluated for color vision perception. Obtaining the following results from a total of 950 students (361 men, 589 women) who were interviewed and examined, the mean age of the participants was 14.2 ± 1.9 years and only 4 (0.4%) students underwent an eye exam upon entering school, but none of these 4 had a color test. Approximately 96.7% of the students had normal or near normal visual acuity. The overall prevalence of ocular morbidity was 9.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) = 7.3 – 11.2). The most prevalent ocular morbidity was uncorrected refractive error with a prevalence of 5.3%, followed by color vision defect (1.2%) and suspected glaucomatous disc (1.1%), with conjunctivitis being the least prevalent. bacterial, conjunctival nevus, corneal opacity and pseudophakia (each 0.1%). With these data it is concluded that High school students in Enugu-East L.G.A of Enugu State had some ocular morbidities. Therefore, early detection and proper treatment are important for affected students to maximize their academic potential.</p> Gloria C. Eze, Cosmas C. Anajekwu, Emmanuel Ifeanyi Obeagu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 01 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Correlation between Intraocular Pressure and Blood Pressure at Primasatya Husada Citra Hospital Surabaya <p><strong>Background and Objective</strong><strong>:</strong> Intraocular pressure (IOP) depends on a variety of local and systemic factors, including systemic blood pressure. This study conducted to analyze the correlation between IOP and blood pressure (BP).</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong><strong>:</strong> This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Ophthalmology Clinic Primasatya Husada Citra Hospital Surabaya from September 2021 until October 2021 with consecutive sampling. The statistic analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test and Pearson correlation test in SPSS program version 24.0.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>:</strong> A total 115 patients were included, 69 (60%) females and 46 (40.0%) males. Mean age was 35.78 ± 11.64 years old. This study revealed a significant difference in intraocular pressure in both eyes between subjects in four categories of BP (p=0.000). Positive correlation was found between IOP and BP of the right eyes (R = 0.393, P = 0.000) and left eyes (R = 0.363, P = 0.000).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>:</strong> There was a statistically significant correlation between IOP and BP (p=0.000), which the higher BP, the higher IOP in both eyes.&nbsp;</p> Rofiqi Rofiq, Titiek Ernawati, Ivana Beatrice Alberta ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 17 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000