Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a major problem in Maghreb. Diagnosis difficult and often at a late stage, this tumor has benefited from the technical progress of radiotherapy. In the stages of complications it can be revealed by ophthalmological manifestations including oculomotorpalsy, papillaryedema or exophthalmia In our series we report three cases of patients with cavumtumors revealed by a papillary edema for the first one, exophthalmia for the second and oculomotorparalysis for the third.
Ocular chemical injuries are true ophthalmic emergencies that require immediate and intensive intervention to minimize severe complications and profound visual loss . They mostly affect young active men; causes include domestic accidents, workplace-related injuries and assaults . Acid or base chemical burns can lead to serious lesions, of which corneal ulcer and limbal or conjunctival ischemia are the most common. However, several other complications have been described in the literature such as chronic dry eye, symblepharons and rarely cataracts. Our work reports a case of an early onset cataract after a chemical burn, this is an unusual complication especially by its type and its time of onset.
Dry eyes are becoming a part of people’s lives more and more frequently. Usage of eye cosmetics is known to cause disturbances in the stability of tear film and cause dry eye symptoms we conducted a prospective study on a sample of 100 women whose age ranged from 18 to 35 years in university hospital center MOHAMMED VI OUJDA MOROCCO on a period of 6 months from January 2019 to JUNE 2019. The aim of thisstudyis to determine the effect of applying Kajal (an eyecosmetic) over the eyelids on tear film stability and quantity.
Chemical eye injury is a true ocular emergency that requires a prompt decision and immediate management by using an irrigating solution to the eye. The development of a new solution, such as amphoteric agents are now used in comparison to conventional agents. This type of solution reacts rapidly with both acids and alkalis. It also has hypertonic properties, thus resulting in milder corneal edema and mobilizes the diffusion of corrosive agents out of the eye structure. Several studies indicated that the amphoteric solution had significantly better clinical and ocular outcomes compared to other irrigation fluids. Irrigation using amphoteric agents found to shorten the time of corneal reepithelization in Grade I-II chemical eye injury. It also resulted in a better outcome for visual acuity, pain intensity, severity of the injury, and less further complications. In conclusion, prompt eye irrigation using the amphoteric solution shown as a better alternative in chemical ocular injury. Thus, its usage may be suggested for future management for chemical eye injury.
Recently, there have been several new developments in automated perimetry that have contributed to enhanced diagnosis and management of glaucoma. This paper will briefly review the classical algorithms of automated perimetry and also the latest advances in automated perimetry strategies, like SITA Faster algorithm. It will also explore the new algorithms for different perimeters and all the novel techniques, which has been shown to be a rapid, effective method of detecting glaucomatous visual field loss and have demonstrated the ability to predict the onset and progression of glaucomatous visual field deficits.